Thursday, October 17, 2019

Can Chlamydia Be Cured? See What Chlamydia Is And Its Symptoms

Chlamydia is one, out of numerous Sexually Transmitted Infections. It affects both male and female and at the same time, it is asymptomatic. In this article, we will discuss What chlamydia is, symptoms of chlamydia and how can chlamydia be cured. Read on.

Can Chlamydia be cured

What is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia, otherwise called Chlamydia trachomatis is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) thats is caused by bacteria. Being a asymptomatoc infection, many people do not develop the signs or symptoms, which include; genital pain, and discharge from the vagina or penis.

What are the causes of Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis and is most commonly spread via vaginal, oral and anal sex. It's also not impossible for a child to contract the infection during delivery, which may cause pneumonia or a serious eye infection in the child.

Does Chlamydia affect men and women?

Yes it does. Chlamydia affects men and women and also affects all age groups, though it's common among young women. This infection isn't difficult to treat once you know you have it. It can lead to serious health problems, if left untreated.

Symptoms of Chlamydia in men and women

Early-stage Chlamydia infections most times causes few or no signs and symptoms. The symptoms usually surface one to two weeks after you are exposed to chlamydia trachomatis. The signs are usually mild which you may end up overlooking if you are not very observant.

READ ALSO: What is Gonorhhea? Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Signs and symptoms of chlamydia trachomatis infection may include:

  • You will feel pain during urination
  • Pain in the lower part of your abdomen
  • Women experience vaginal discharge
  • Men experience discharge from the penis
  • Women also have painful sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding between periods and after sex in women
  • Pain in the testes for men

Other parts of the body Chlamydia infects

Chlamydia can also infect the rectum. The affected person may experience rectal pain, discharge or bleeding. It's also not impossible that those affected can acquire chlamydial eye infections (conjunctivitis) through contact with infected secretions.

Risk factors of Chlamydia

What are the risk factors for Chlamydia?

What put you at risk of having Chlamydia? See below:-
  1. Being sexually active before age 25
  2. Having multiple sexual partners
  3. Not using protection during sexual act
  4. History of prior sexually transmitted infection

What happens if Chlamydia is not treated?

  1. Other sexually transmitted infections: People who have chlamydia are at higher risk of also having other STIs.
  2. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): PID is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes. PID can damage the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus, including the cervix.
  3. In men epididymitis can occur: A chlamydia infection can inflame the epididymis. Which may result in fever, scrotal pain and swelling.
  4. Prostate gland infection may occur which eventually give rise to Prostatitis. Signs of prostatitis are; pain during or after sex, fever and chills, painful urination, and lower back pain.
  5. Can cause eye Infections in newborns
  6. Untreated chlamydia can cause infertility:  Chlamydia infections can cause scarring and obstruction in the fallopian tubes, which may make women infertile.
  7. Can cause reactive arthritis: Chlamydia infected people have high risk of coming down with reactive arthritis, also known as Reiter's syndrome. This condition typically affects the joints, eyes and urethra , the tube that carries urine from your bladder to outside of the body.         

How to prevent Chlamydia trachomatis

The surest way to prevent a chlamydia infection is to abstain from sexual activities. If you can't,
Use protection during sexual activities: Commonest one is condom. Using protection reduces the risk of having any sexually transmitted infections.
Stick to one sexual partner:  Having multiple sex partners can puts you at a high risk of contracting chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
Get screened regularly: If you're sexually active, talk with your doctor or healthcare provider about how often you should be screened for chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections.
Ladies should avoid douching: Douching decreases the number of good bacteria present in the vagina, which may increase the risk of infection.

How to diagnosis Chlamydia

A) Pap smear test
B) Vaginal swab test
C) Swab test for affected area
D) Urinalysis

Can Chlamydia be cured? See how to treat Chlamydia infection

Chlamydia trachomatis is treated with antibiotics..
In most cases, the infection resolves within one to two weeks. You should know, abstinence  from sexual intercourse is encouraged. Your sexual partner or partners also need treatment even if they have no signs or symptoms. Otherwise, the infection can be passed back and forth between sexual partners.

When to see your healthcare provider if you have Chlamydia

Make an appointment or any of your healthcare provider if you have a discharge from your vagina, penis or rectum, or if you have pain during urination. Also, it is best and advisable if you see your doctor with your sexual partner. Don't assume and don't involve yourself in self-medication.

Can Chlamydia come back?

Yes, it can! Chlamydia infection can be cured. But mind you, if you are not careful, you can still be reinfected. Just like any other STIs, abstinence from sexual intercourse is the surest way to prevent from occurring in the first place.

Now that you know what Chlamydia is don't forget to share with your friends. Stay healthy always!

WRITTEN BY: Nurse Adelusi Kehinde Beatrice

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