Monday, October 14, 2019

What Is Gonorrhea? Causes, Symptoms & Gonorrhea Cure

 What is Gonorrhea cure and symptoms

The term Gonorrhea is not a new word to most people. But to some, it may be. In this article, you will get to know what Gonorrhea is, symptoms and Gonorrhea cure.

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacterium that can affect and infect both sexes. Gonorrhea most often affects the urethra, rectum or throat. In females, it can also infect the cervix.

Gonorrhea infection is most commonly spread during sexual intercourse. But babies can be infected with gonorrhea during childbirth if their mothers have gonorrhea. In babies, gonorrhea most commonly affects the visual organ (eyes).

It  is a common infection that, in many cases the infected people are asymptomatic (shows no symptoms).

Abstaining from sexual intercourse, using of condom during sexual intercourse and being in a mutually monogamous relationship (have one sexual partner) are the best ways to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
What is Gonorrhea

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men and women

In many cases, gonorrhea infection causes no symptoms (asymptomatic). When symptoms do appear, gonorrhea infection can affect multiple parts the  body, but it commonly appears in the genital tract.

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:

A) Painful urination
B) Pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis
C) Pain or swelling in one testicle

Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:

A) Increased vaginal discharge
B) Painful urination
C) Vaginal bleeding between periods, such as after vaginal intercourse
D) Painful intercourse
E) Abdominal or pelvic pain

Part of the body affected by Gonorrhea

Parts of the body Gonorrhea can also affect are:

A) Rectum: When gonorrhea affects the rectum, the Signs and symptoms include anal itching, pus-like discharge from the rectum, spots of bright red blood on toilet tissue and straining during bowel movements.
B) Eyes: When gonorrhea affects the  eyes, it may cause eye pain, sensitivity to light, and pus-like discharge from one or both eyes.
C) Throat: When gonorrhea affects the throat, the Signs and symptoms of may include a sore throat and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.
D) Joints:  If one or more joints become infected by bacteria (septic arthritis), the affected joints may be warm, red, swollen and extremely painful, especially when you move an affected joint.

When to see your doctor if you have Gonorrhea

We do not preach self medication/treatment. Consult your doctor or health care provider if you notice any troubling signs or symptoms, such as a burning sensation when you urinate or a pus-like discharge from your penis, vagina or rectum.
Also consult your doctor if your partner has been diagnosed with gonorrhea. You may not experience signs or symptoms that prompt you to seek medical attention. But without treatment, you can reinfect your partner even after he or she has been treated for gonorrhea.

Causes of Gonorrhea in men and women

Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The gonorrhea bacteria are most often passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse/contact, including oral, anal or vaginal intercourse.

Risk factors of gonorrhea

A) Younger age
B) A new sex partner
C) A sex partner who has concurrent partners
D) Multiple sex partners
 E) Having other sexually transmitted infections

Complications of gonorrhea in men and women

When gonorrhea infection is left untreated, it can lead to significant complications, such as:
A) Infertility in women: Untreated gonorrhea can spread into the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which may result in scarring of the tubes, greater risk of pregnancy complications and infertility. PID is a serious infection that requires immediate treatment.

SEE ALSO: Can Chlamydia be cured
B) Infertility in men:  Untreated gonorrhea can result in epididymitis which is the inflammation of a part of the testicles where the sperm ducts are located (epididymis). Epididymitis is treatable, but if left untreated, it may lead to infertility.
C) Infection spreads: The bacterium that causes gonorrhea can spread through the bloodstream and infect other parts of the body, including the  joints. Fever, rash, skin sores, joint pain, swelling and stiffness are possible results.
D) Increased risk of HIV/AIDS: Having gonorrhea can make an affected individual more susceptible to infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that leads to AIDS. People who have both gonorrhea and HIV are able to pass both diseases more readily to their partners.
E) Complications in babies: Babies who contract gonorrhea from their mothers during birth can develop blindness, sores on the scalp and infections.
READ ALSO: What is Yellow Fever? Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Prevention of gonorrhea: How to prevent Gonorrhea

A) Use a condom: Abstaining from sexual intercourse is the surest way to prevent gonorrhea. But if you choose to have sex, use a condom during any type of sexual contact, including anal sex, oral sex or vaginal sex.
B) Ask your partner to be tested for sexually transmitted infections: Find out whether your partner has been tested for sexually transmitted infections, including gonorrhea. If not, ask whether he or she would be willing to be tested.
C) Don't have sex with someone who has any unusual symptoms:  If you notice symptoms such as pain during urination, genital rash or sore, from someone, refrain from having sexual intercourse with such person.
D) Consider regular gonorrhea screening:  Annual screening is recommended for all sexually active women less than 25 years of age and for older women at increased risk of infection, such as those who have a new sex partner, more than one sex partner, a sex partner with concurrent partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
E) Screening is also recommended for men who have sex with men, as well as their partners.
F) To avoid reinfection with gonorrhea, abstain from unprotected sexual intercourse for seven days after you and your sex partner have completed treatment and after resolution of symptoms, if present.

Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

To determine whether the gonorrhea bacterium is present,  Samples can be collected by:
A) Urine test: This may help identify bacteria in the urethra.
B) Swab of affected area: A swab of the, urethra, vagina or rectum may collect bacteria that can be identified in a laboratory.
C) For women, home test kits are available for gonorrhea.
D) Testing for other sexually transmitted infections
Your health care provider may recommend tests for other sexually transmitted infections because gonorrhea increases your risk of other infections, particularly chlamydia, which often accompanies gonorrhea.

Treatment of Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea cure

Gonorrhea treatment in adults

Adults with gonorrhea are treated with antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that uncomplicated gonorrhea be treated only with the antibiotic ceftriaxone which is given as an injection, in combination with either azithromycin (Zithromax, Zmax) or doxycycline (Monodox, Vibramycin, others), two antibiotics that are taken orally.

Gonorrhea treatment for babies

Babies born to mothers with gonorrhea receive a medication in their eyes soon after birth to prevent infection. If an eye infection develops, babies can be treated with antibiotics.

Concluding what gonorrhea is, prevention and Gonorrhea cure

This article covers what you should know about Gonorrhea. Prevention, they say, is better than cure. The surest way to stay away from Gonorrhea infection is to practice safe sexual activities. If you have it or know someone that does, visit the nearest health institution around.

Stay healthy always!

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